Oral maxillofacial surgery is a procedure done by an oral surgeon. These are surgical treatments that help correct the following traumas; injuries on the face, craniofacial fractures, and the upper and the lower jaw orbit and nose. The traumas can be rectified surgically or with non-invasive methods; this depends on how the damage has happened.
Reconstructive oral and maxillofacial surgery.
One of the most typical types of reconstructive surgery is facial trauma reconstruction; maxillofacial surgeons are qualified enough to treat and manage facial traumas. Their primary focus is on facial injuries by repairing complex facial skin cuts, reconnecting the severed ducts and nerves, setting the fractured jaws and facial bones. The procedures include care of the nasal bones, the eye sockets, and the forehead.
The second type of reconstruction procedure is microvascular reconstruction. In this technique, there is the transfer of a patient's tissue from one part of the body to other parts of the body to correct defects on the neck and the head that have resulted from facial traumas. The oral surgeon auto transplants the skin, the muscle and the bone. This process is lengthy and consumes a lot of labor as blood vessels are suturing under a microscope.
Other types of reconstruction procedures.
The other reconstruction procedure is the reconstructive surgery of the neck and the head, where the maxillofacial surgeon can conduct microvascular free flap techniques to correct the defects in the neck. The head results from a tumor; the surgeon also does bone grafting processes for the flaws in the maxillofacial areas. The surgeon also utilizes computer preoperative surgical planning; the surgeon also reconstructs the skin, mucosa, bone and muscles by transferring body tissues from other body parts.