Virginia Beach, VA
Facial trauma (or facial fractures) denotes broken bones anyplace on the face, including the nose, cheekbones, jaws and the area near the eyes.
Injuries of this kind often result from a trauma to the face of some sort, such as falls, brawls, athletic accidents, and automotive crashes. They can also occur if the facial bones are weakened by a preexisting dental condition or a dental procedure.
Symptoms of Facial Trauma
The symptoms of facial fractures depend on which of the bones in the face have broken. Bruising, swelling and pain occur whenever a bone is broken. Here are the symptoms of the most common kinds of facial trauma.
Also known as a nasal fracture, symptoms of a broken nose include nosebleeds, swelling, pain, difficulty breathing and bruises near the nose.
A frontal bone fracture can result in eye injuries, pain near the sinuses, and the forehead can have an inverted appearance as though it’s pushed inward.
Broken Cheekbone or Upper Jaw
This type of breakage is also known as a zygomatic maxillary fracture. Watch for eyesight issues, pain when moving the jaw, flattened cheeks, and differences in sensation beneath the eye on the side near the injury.
Eye Socket Fracture
Eye socket fractures are also called orbital fractures and pertain to the bones around the eye socket. They occur when the eye is hit by a hard object such as a ball or fist. Symptoms include black eyes, bleeding or redness in the white of the eye, blurred vision, swollen cheeks or forehead, and numbing of the upper lip, cheek, eyelids or forehead.
A broken jaw is indicated by pain, loose or missing teeth, numbing in the chin and lower lip, tenderness, swelling or bruising along the jaw under the ear, the inability to bring the teeth together (known as malocclusion), and bruising underneath the tongue (this usually is indicative of a jaw fracture).
Midface fractures are also called maxillary fractures and are primarily indicated by a deformity or swelling on the face.
When to Seek Medical Attention
Contact us immediately if you have suffered a serious facial injury. Sometimes facial trauma is life-threatening. Certain forms of it can impede your vision, nervous system, respiratory system, and airway passages in irreversible ways.
Diagnosis of Facial Trauma
The specific kind of injury you have will determine the types of physical examinations and tests we will do. Shaun B. Rai DMD will check your face for any signs of pain or swelling, as well as how well you can move parts of your face. We will also likely have to take X-rays, which will allow us to see the fractures.
Treatment of Facial Trauma
Treatment will also depend on the kind of injury you suffered, its severity and any other preexisting problems you may have at the time of the injury. Our aim is reducing the fracture by returning the bones to their original position and fixing the fracture by keeping the bones in place to prevent any further injuries. Shaun B. Rai DMD may utilize wires, screws, plates or other devices to repair the damage. He may also prescribe antibiotics for the prevention of infection. Surgery is also a possibility.
For more information, please contact our office at (757) 777-9883.